Exercise 1.3: Establishing conventions

For this exercise we have to research online and find at least 12 examples of the eighteenth and nineteenth century landscape paintings and find what they have in common, considering the same things as we did for exercise 1. 1. Where possible we should try to find is these paintings were painted by public or private commission. Then we should try to find examples of landscape photographs from any era that conform to these conventions.

I started with google search.

First results were from Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landscape_painting (accessed on 10-Jan-2016)

There looking in the paintings I liked the work by Joseph Mallord William Turner. Further research about his work led me to an article by National Gallery

http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/features/slideshows/constable-and-turner-british-landscapes-of-the-early-1800s.html (accessed on 10-Jan-2016)

 

Most of the paintings are by Turner, but also there are paintings by John Constable.

Things those paintings have in common:

          The sky is an element of the paining covers between half and two thirds of the paintings. Sky is not empty but with clouds or interesting colours affecting the general feeling of mood of the paintings

          If people are present they are more like figures. Small and not recognisable. Not important. They are there just to make the landscape more interesting.

          The paintings represent landscape or moments from the daily life but with an “artistic” element.

          The use of lightings and colour affect the general feeling of the painting.

 

Although we need only 12 landscape images as these are only by 2 painters I decide to research more.

I really like the work by Ivan Aivazovsky.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landscape_painting#/media/File:Aivasovsky_Ivan_Constantinovich_The_Caucasus.jpg (accessed on 10-Jan-2016)

 

This painting in the Wikipedia make me want to explore more Turner’s work. Especially as small image covered on the blue tones, images full of emotions.

Further to the Wikipedia link about his work https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._M._W._Turner (accessed on 10-Jan-2016)

 

There are other interesting paintings.

It is mentioned that he was financially independent (that maybe allow him to concentrate on improving his skills and not working for clients).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._M._W._Turner#/media/File:Joseph_Mallord_William_Turner_-_Fishermen_at_Sea_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg (accessed on 10-Jan-2016)

 

I like also this painting, like the tones, kind of giving me a scary feeling.

Another’s painters interesting work is Frederic Edwin Church  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederic_Edwin_Church (accessed on 10-Jan-2016)

As we can see in the biography, his family wealth allows him to create his own studio.

So commenting on why these painting have been painted is that the artists create the paintings for the sake of it, for the art. This opposed to what we have read in the essay for the previous exercise were “views” or early photos have been produced as references.

Most of the above paintings have in common the elements mentioned after the National Gallery article.

In a second stage, we have to find some examples of landscape photographs from any era that conform to these conventions.

In order to find these, I simply entry in google “landscape photography” and search for images.

Among them I really like the first photo in  http://digital-photography-school.com/11-surefire-tips-for-improving-your-landscape-photography/ (accessed on 30-Jan-2016)

It seems like it is also a nice article. I really like photos in parts, 1,2,3,4, 5,8, 10, 11.

I think photo 11, is close to what my As. 1 will be.

Most of the elements I noticed in the paintings are also present here:

          The sky is an element of the photo. Sky is not empty but with clouds or interesting colours affecting the general feeling of mood of the photos

          People present only in one photo. Small and not recognisable. Not important.

          The use of lightings and colour affect the general feeling of the painting.

          Subjects are similar to the paintings.

 

I do not know if the similarities between the paintings and the photographs are because paintings influenced early photographers and early photographers influenced the contemporary ones or this is just the only way the landscapes can be depicted.

Also find a reference in a blog and then look at http://www.christianschmidt.com/landscape  (accessed on 30-Jan-2016)the work of Christian Schmidt.  I really like the tones in some of his photos, especially:

           “Boat”, North Carolina Tourism, Loeffler, Ketchum Mountjoy Charlotte

          “Windy road”, Sutent, Cline Davies Mann New York

          “Iceland Desert”

(etc. Please note that the titles appear after clicking in an image and view it in full screen)

 

Also in Schmidt’s work the elements we noticed in the article’s photos are present.

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